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Fillings Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. Gum disease can loosen or severely damage a tooth. A tooth that has been broken with little or no tooth left behind, may need to be removed.

If a tooth is damaged beyond repair, extraction may be the only option. The dentist can assess the situation by a thorough examination which will involve radiographs and/or a vitality test. Some cases may need antibiotic cover; your dentist will advise you if you need it.

A simple extraction is performed on a tooth that can be seen in the mouth. In a simple extraction, the dentist loosens the tooth with an instrument called an elevator. Then the dentist uses an instrument called a forceps to remove the tooth.

A surgical extraction is a more complex procedure. It is used if a tooth may have broken off at the gum line or has not come into the mouth yet. The doctor makes a small incision (cut) into your gum. Sometimes it's necessary to remove some of the bone around the tooth or to cut the tooth in half in order to extract it.